Freckles and birthmarks provide a uniqueness and individuality that many people love. In fact, well placed moles have been termed “beauty marks” and have often been imitated with makeup or piercings. However, many people would prefer to erase these markings. For them, new treatments can help to fade or erase unwanted blemishes.
Around twenty percent of all babies are born with birthmarks. The most common types of birthmarks are hemangiomas—which are pale pink vascular birthmarks—and light brown pigmented patches called Cafè-au-lait spots. Pigmented birthmarks are permanent, but about fifty percent of hemangiomas fade and disappear over time without treatment.
Vascular birthmarks are caused by an increased number of blood vessels in the skin. In addition to the common pink hemangiomas, vascular birthmarks can appear dark red or purple. These darker birthmarks, commonly called port-wine stains, start as pale pink and grow darker and thicker over time. They usually appear on the neck and face, and unlike hemangiomas, they will not vanish without treatment; however, most can be successfully treated with vascular-specific lasers. These lasers will select specific blood vessels without affecting the surrounding vessels or tissue and can be used without adverse effects on people of any age.
Photo by: Valentin Ottone